Madrasah Al Hikmah

Student's corner

Maktab, Madrasah and Khanqah

Hazrat Maulana Abdul Hamid Ishaq of Azaadville once mentioned that Ka’bah is a headquarters and all other masjids are the branches. The functions of the branches should be the same as that of their headquarters. The ulama’, being the heirs of Rasulullah s.a.w., are to run these branches using the same syllabus;



  1. Tilawah (reciting the verses)
  2. Ta’lim (teaching the Book and Wisdom) and
  3. Tazkiyah (purifying the hearts).


These three functions of Rasulullah s.a.w. are usually institutionalized in the vicinity of the masjids in the form of maktab, madrasah and khanqah respectively.


Tilawah of the Quran is the main focus of a primary madrasah (maktab). Young children are trained to recite the Quran whether they understood it or not. In the masjids, the ulama’ recite the Quran to the general public and translate to them the meaning of these verses.


Ta’lim of Quran and Hadith is exactly the activity in a secondary madrasah (darul ulum). Teenagers who have started to think rationally and ready for an academic endeavour are exposed to the understanding of the Book of Allah s.w.t and the Wisdom taught by Rasulullah s.a.w.


Tazkiyah, the nurturing of heart, is a continuous effort from childhood till old age; this is done in maktab, madrasah, masjid and especially khanqah, where people gather and spend some of their time in the company of pious scholars for the purpose of self reformation.



The institutionalization is to facilitate Rabbaniyyin


To to be rabbaniyyin, in other words to be knowledgeable and to practice on the knowledge, is a command of Allah ta'ala that is directed to Muslims of all age groups. 

However, the input of knowledge differs from one age group to the other. To teach technicalities of Fiqh and Aqidah neither suits a very young child nor a person who is too old. What is appropriate for an old person is to know a straight forward explanation to enable him to know what to do and what is the correct belief. The avenue for that is the public lecture in the masjid or private discourses in the khanqah.  As for a young child, he also needs guidance but in a simple way that is easy for him to understand. At the same time, the child should be equipped with basic arithmetic and language skills, especially Arabic and Quran recital and memorization.In a secondary madrasah, where academic approach is more appropriate, the details and technicalities are taught to students in order for them to gain deeper insight of Islam. This will be for their personal benefit and for them to guide others.

All who are involved in madrasah activities should not lose sight that to institutionalize this learning process in a form of madrasah is nothing more than to strive to be rabbaniyyin in an a more efficient manner. Academic is only a part of it. Sincerity and good character have to be developed to ignite the knowledge which is studied throughout the courses.

Graduates should realize their functions in the society; their sincere efforts and energy are required to propagate the teachings of the Book. They should be rabbaniyyin by teaching the Book after learning it.

Read 1425 times Last modified on Saturday, 30 May 2015 07:36
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